Facts & Figures
From 1895 to 1920, Kenya was a British protectorate known as British East Africa, before becoming a crown colony. Date of Independence: 12th of December 1963, a year later, on 12th of December 1964, Kenya became a republic.
581,309 km2² of which 13,400 km2² comprise of water surfaces.
Swahili is the national language; English constitutes the official business language.
1 Kenyan shilling (KSh) = 100 cents, 1 € = 115.5 KSh, 1 US$ = 87 KSh (Rates as of July 2013).
Nairobi (approx. 4 million inhabitants –According to the 2009 Census).
Formerly Nyanza, Western, Central, Coast, North Eastern, Eastern, Rift Valley and the capital area of Nairobi. Under the new constitution, the provinces were replaced by 47 counties with local council and their own semi autonomous government structures.
Form of government:
Democratic Republic. The President is elected for five years and may govern for a maximum of two terms. He is the Commander in Chief of the armed forces.
Head of state:
President Uhuru Muigai Kenyatta of the The National Alliance Party(TNA) since April 2013, Vice-President William Ruto of the United Republican Party (URP).
The Kenyan Parliament is elected every five years. It consists of two chambers, the senate with representatives of all 47 counties as the upper house and a lower house with parliamentarians from the constituencies.
Kenya has a policy of regulated market economy and is a member of the UN and its specialized agencies, the World Bank, the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Trade Organization (GATT/WTO), the Commonwealth, the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and the COMESA/PTA. A close economic and political cooperation is pursued with the neighbouring countries of Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and Rwanda which form the East African Community (EAC).The gross domestic product of the financial year 2012/2013 was US$ 71.4 billion. The main export products are cut flowers and vegetables, tea, coffee, pyrethrum and sisal. Apart from agriculture, industry and the service sector – especially tourism – form the strongest economic sectors. The unemployment rate is around 40%. The inflation rate is almost 14% and the real growth rate stands at almost 5%, as of June 2013.
Approximately 43 million people (2012) with an average of 74.0 inhabitants per km². The annual population growth rate is 2.44% (Birth rate: 31.93 births/1000; death rate: 7.26%/1000; life expectancy: 63 years). The literacy rate is 88.4%. Physicians per 100,000 people: 14. Enrolment rate in primary schools: 80%. (2009, estimated.)
83% Christian, 11.2 % Muslim, 1.7% indigenous beliefs, 1.8% mostly Hinduism, 2.4 % no religion.