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Kenya, officially the Republic of Kenya, is a sovereign nation in East Africa which covers 581,309 sq. km (224,445 sq. mi). Kenya's name was derived from Mount Kenya, the second highest elevation in Africa. Kenya is almost bisected by the equator. Its neighbors are Tanzania to the south, Uganda to the west, South Sudan to the northwest, Ethiopia to the north, Somalia to the east and the Indian Ocean to the southeast.
Naturally and culturally, Kenya is a land of great diversity. Its landscapes range from tropical beaches to grassland savanna, bush, deserts, rainforests and snowcapped mountains.
In July 2012, Kenya's population stood at 44 million, predominantly composed of 3 ethno-linguistic groups that are represented by 42 different ethnic communities. In spite of this great cultural diversity, Kenya has, for most of its existence, enjoyed peace and stability.
It is currently experiencing a silent, peaceful revolution, as the country shifts from a unitary to a federal government with 47 semi-autonomous counties. On December 12th, 2013, Kenya celebrates 50 years of Independence.
Kenya’s capital, Nairobi, is the regional commercial, political and cultural hub. The country's economy is the largest by GDP in East and Central Africa.
Kenya is a member of the East African Community (EAC) and several other regional and international associations.
Due to its scenery, magnificent wildlife, pleasant annual climate, good tourism infrastructure and hospitable people, Kenya is righteously known as a popular travel destination. Among its most famous attractions are the white sandy beaches and the numerous game parks and reserves, such as the Masai Mara, the park where the Great Migration, one of the '7 natural wonders of the world' occurs.
Kenya’s well preserved wildlife sanctuaries in the south and vast expanses of virtually unexplored territory in the north make it the perfect country for a real African safari; as a matter of fact, Kenya was the first country to have organized safaris for visitors. The original safaris were basically hunting trips during the colonial days, but the only shooting you will do now is with a camera.
The country’s fame is also based on athletes, especially its outstanding runners, who have flown the black, red and green flag of the nation in championships all over the world.
Kenya is also a producer of world-class tea, coffee, and horticultural products such as flowers.
Because of its rich archeological finds, Kenya can righteously lay a claim to being the Cradle of Mankind; Koobi Fora in the north is one of the sites where many important findings of early forms of man have been made within Kenya.
Kenya is appreciative of its long history, but has embraced modernity aggressively. It is this factor that makes Kenya a regional powerhouse in research and innovation, especially in the field of ICT. Mobile banking and numerous other mobile phone applications have been invented and successfully introduced in Kenya, before becoming a success story 'Made in Kenya' all over the world.